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when was a package installed

To find out when I installed the dokuwiki package, I did

$ zgrep installed /var/log/dpkg.log* | grep dokuwiki | grep -v "half-installed"
/var/log/dpkg.log.2.gz:2022-12-06 17:15:37 status installed dokuwiki:all 0.0.20220731.a-1

without the grep -v “half-installed” at the end, I was getting

raju@minion:~$ zgrep installed /var/log/dpkg.log* | grep dokuwiki 
/var/log/dpkg.log.2.gz:2022-12-06 17:15:33 status half-installed dokuwiki:all 0.0.20180422.a-2.1
/var/log/dpkg.log.2.gz:2022-12-06 17:15:37 status installed dokuwiki:all 0.0.20220731.a-1

Got this idea from

find the dpi of images in a pdf

combine multiple jpegs into one pdf

snippet 1:

convert *.jpg file.pdf

snippet 2:

 % cat
#! /usr/bin/env bash

script_dir=`dirname "$0"`
cd $script_dir/bin
convert `ls -v individual_pics/*.jpeg` all_pics_combined.pdf


apt-cache search with tags

Use axi-cache instead of apt-cache

axi-cache search term tag

For example

 % axi-cache search scanner suite::kde
2 results found.
Results 1-2:
100% skanlite - image scanner based on the KSane backend
68% skanlite:i386 - image scanner based on the KSane backend
More terms: ksane skanlite backend image based attached scanning
More tags: hardware::scanner works-with-format::png works-with-format::jpg use::scanning works-with::image:raster works-with::image scope::application

If we are using apt-cache, it would not be possible to “discover” skanlite unless we know the right set of keywords. For example, searching for 'scanner' and 'kde' would not have told us about skanlite package.

 % apt-cache search scanner kde
clamtk - graphical front-end for ClamAV
libkf5sane-data - scanner library (data files)
libkf5sane-dev - scanner library development headers
libkf5sane5 - scanner library (runtime)


bullseye release

status of debian testing

Useful links:

distribution name


lsb_release -cs

Sample run

 % lsb_release -cs

Ref:- I came across it in

debconf23 video archive

packages I came across


Ref:- → “Introducing microvenv” section → first paragraph

debian_notes.txt · Last modified: 2023/09/25 21:07 by raju